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Getting started with any framework


Open a terminal in your current project directory and run:

$ composer require thecodingmachine/graphqlite


In order to bootstrap GraphQLite, you will need:

  • A PSR-11 compatible container
  • A PSR-16 cache

Additionally, you will have to route the HTTP requests to the underlying GraphQL library.

GraphQLite relies on the webonyx/graphql-php library internally. This library plays well with PSR-7 requests and we also provide a PSR-15 middleware.


Webonyx/graphql-php library requires a Schema in order to resolve GraphQL queries. We provide a SchemaFactory class to create such a schema:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\SchemaFactory;

// $cache is a PSR-16 compatible cache
// $container is a PSR-11 compatible container
$factory = new SchemaFactory($cache, $container);

$schema = $factory->createSchema();

You can now use this schema with Webonyx GraphQL facade or the StandardServer class.

The SchemaFactory class also comes with a number of methods that you can use to customize your GraphQLite settings.

// Configure an authentication service (to resolve the #[Logged] attributes).
$factory->setAuthenticationService(new VoidAuthenticationService());
// Configure an authorization service (to resolve the #[Right] attributes).
$factory->setAuthorizationService(new VoidAuthorizationService());
// Change the naming convention of GraphQL types globally.
$factory->setNamingStrategy(new NamingStrategy());
// Add a custom type mapper.
// Add a custom type mapper using a factory to create it.
// Type mapper factories are useful if you need to inject the "recursive type mapper" into your type mapper constructor.
// Add a root type mapper.
// Add a parameter mapper.
// Add a query provider. These are used to find queries and mutations in the application.
// Add a query provider using a factory to create it.
// Query provider factories are useful if you need to inject the "fields builder" into your query provider constructor.
// Set a default InputType validator service to handle validation on all `Input` annotated types
// Add custom options to the Webonyx underlying Schema.
// Configures the time-to-live for the GraphQLite cache. Defaults to 2 seconds in dev mode.
// Enables prod-mode (cache settings optimized for best performance).
// This is a shortcut for `$schemaFactory->setGlobTtl(null)`
// Enables dev-mode (this is the default mode: cache settings optimized for best developer experience).
// This is a shortcut for `$schemaFactory->setGlobTtl(2)`

GraphQLite context

Webonyx allows you pass a "context" object when running a query. For some GraphQLite features to work (namely: the prefetch feature), GraphQLite needs you to initialize the Webonyx context with an instance of the TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Context\Context class.

For instance:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Context\Context;

$result = GraphQL::executeQuery($schema, $query, null, new Context(), $variableValues);

Disabling autoloading

GraphQLite uses kcs/class-finder to find all classes that have GraphQLite attributes. By default, it uses autoloading under the hood. But if you have an older codebase that contains classes with incorrect or missing namespaces, you may need to use include_once instead. To do so, you can overwrite the finder using setFinder():

use Kcs\ClassFinder\Finder\ComposerFinder;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\SchemaFactory;

$factory = new SchemaFactory($cache, $container);
(new ComposerFinder())->useAutoloading(false)

$schema = $factory->createSchema();

Minimal example

The smallest working example using no framework is:

use GraphQL\GraphQL;
use GraphQL\Type\Schema;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\SchemaFactory;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Context\Context;

// $cache is a PSR-16 compatible cache.
// $container is a PSR-11 compatible container.
$factory = new SchemaFactory($cache, $container);

$schema = $factory->createSchema();

$rawInput = file_get_contents('php://input');
$input = json_decode($rawInput, true);
$query = $input['query'];
$variableValues = isset($input['variables']) ? $input['variables'] : null;

$result = GraphQL::executeQuery($schema, $query, null, new Context(), $variableValues);
$output = $result->toArray();

header('Content-Type: application/json');
echo json_encode($output);

PSR-15 Middleware

When using a framework, you will need a way to route your HTTP requests to the webonyx/graphql-php library.

If the framework you are using is compatible with PSR-15 (like Slim PHP or Zend-Expressive / Laminas), GraphQLite comes with a PSR-15 middleware out of the box.

In order to get an instance of this middleware, you can use the Psr15GraphQLMiddlewareBuilder builder class:

// $schema is an instance of the GraphQL schema returned by SchemaFactory::createSchema (see previous chapter)
$builder = new Psr15GraphQLMiddlewareBuilder($schema);

$middleware = $builder->createMiddleware();

// You can now inject your middleware in your favorite PSR-15 compatible framework.
// For instance:

The builder offers a number of setters to modify its behaviour:

$builder->setUrl("/graphql"); // Modify the URL endpoint (defaults to /graphql)

$config = $builder->getConfig(); // Returns a Webonyx ServerConfig object.
// Define your own formatter and error handlers for Webonyx.
$config->setErrorFormatter([ExceptionHandler::class, 'errorFormatter']);
$config->setErrorsHandler([ExceptionHandler::class, 'errorHandler']);


$builder->setResponseFactory(new ResponseFactory()); // Set a PSR-18 ResponseFactory (not needed if you are using zend-framework/zend-diactoros ^2
$builder->setStreamFactory(new StreamFactory()); // Set a PSR-18 StreamFactory (not needed if you are using zend-framework/zend-diactoros ^2
$builder->setHttpCodeDecider(new HttpCodeDecider()); // Set a class in charge of deciding the HTTP status code based on the response.

// Configure the server to use Apollo automatic persisted queries with given cache and an optional time-to-live.
// See
$builder->useAutomaticPersistedQueries($cache, new DateInterval('PT1H'));


In this example, we will focus on getting a working version of GraphQLite using:

  • Laminas Stratigility as a PSR-15 server
  • mouf/picotainer (a micro-container) for the PSR-11 container
  • symfony/cache for the PSR-16 cache

The choice of the libraries is really up to you. You can adapt it based on your needs.

"autoload": {
"psr-4": {
"App\\": "src/"
"require": {
"thecodingmachine/graphqlite": "^4",
"laminas/laminas-diactoros": "^2",
"laminas/laminas-stratigility": "^3",
"laminas/laminas-httphandlerrunner": "^2",
"mouf/picotainer": "^1.1",
"symfony/cache": "^4.2"
"minimum-stability": "dev",
"prefer-stable": true

use Laminas\Diactoros\Response;
use Laminas\Diactoros\ServerRequest;
use Laminas\Diactoros\ServerRequestFactory;
use Laminas\HttpHandlerRunner\Emitter\SapiStreamEmitter;
use Laminas\Stratigility\Middleware\ErrorResponseGenerator;
use Laminas\Stratigility\MiddlewarePipe;
use Laminas\Diactoros\Server;
use Laminas\HttpHandlerRunner\RequestHandlerRunner;

require_once __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$container = require 'config/container.php';

$serverRequestFactory = [ServerRequestFactory::class, 'fromGlobals'];

$errorResponseGenerator = function (Throwable $e) {
$generator = new ErrorResponseGenerator();
return $generator($e, new ServerRequest(), new Response());

$runner = new RequestHandlerRunner(
new SapiStreamEmitter(),

Here we are initializing a Laminas RequestHandler (it receives requests) and we pass it to a Laminas Stratigility MiddlewarePipe. This MiddlewarePipe comes from the container declared in the config/container.php file:


use GraphQL\Type\Schema;
use Mouf\Picotainer\Picotainer;
use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;
use Psr\SimpleCache\CacheInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Cache\Simple\ApcuCache;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Http\Psr15GraphQLMiddlewareBuilder;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\SchemaFactory;
use Laminas\Stratigility\MiddlewarePipe;

// Picotainer is a minimalist PSR-11 container.
return new Picotainer([
MiddlewarePipe::class => function(ContainerInterface $container) {
$pipe = new MiddlewarePipe();
return $pipe;
// The WebonyxGraphqlMiddleware is a PSR-15 compatible
// middleware that exposes Webonyx schemas.
WebonyxGraphqlMiddleware::class => function(ContainerInterface $container) {
$builder = new Psr15GraphQLMiddlewareBuilder($container->get(Schema::class));
return $builder->createMiddleware();
CacheInterface::class => function() {
// Any PSR-16 cache should work - APCu is recommended for good
// performance, but it requires that module to be enabled. For
// small scale testing with zero dependencies, FilesystemCache
// can be used instead.
return new ApcuCache();
Schema::class => function(ContainerInterface $container) {
// The magic happens here. We create a schema using GraphQLite SchemaFactory.
$factory = new SchemaFactory($container->get(CacheInterface::class), $container);
return $factory->createSchema();

Now, we need to add a first query and therefore create a controller. The application will look into the App\Controllers namespace for GraphQLite controllers.

It assumes that the container has an entry whose name is the controller's fully qualified class name.

namespace App\Controllers;

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Query;

class MyController
public function hello(string $name): string
return 'Hello '.$name;
use App\Controllers\MyController;

return new Picotainer([
// ...

// We declare the controller in the container.
MyController::class => function() {
return new MyController();

And we are done! You can now test your query using your favorite GraphQL client.