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Version: 4.2

Fine grained security

If the @Logged and @Right annotations are not granular enough for your needs, you can use the advanced @Security annotation.

Using the @Security annotation, you can write an expression that can contain custom logic. For instance:

  • Check that a user can access a given resource
  • Check that a user has one right or another right
  • ...

Using the @Security annotation#

The @Security annotation is very flexible: it allows you to pass an expression that can contains custom logic:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Security;
// ...
#[Query]#[Security("is_granted('ROLE_ADMIN') or is_granted('POST_SHOW', post)")]public function getPost(Post $post): array{    // ...}

The expression defined in the @Security annotation must conform to Symfony's Expression Language syntax

If you are a Symfony user, you might already be used to the @Security annotation. Most of the inspiration of this annotation comes from Symfony. Warning though! GraphQLite's @Security annotation and Symfony's @Security annotation are slightly different. Especially, the two annotations do not live in the same namespace!

The is_granted function#

Use the is_granted function to check if a user has a special right.


is similar to


In addition, the is_granted function accepts a second optional parameter: the "scope" of the right.

#[Query]#[Security("is_granted('POST_SHOW', post)")]public function getPost(Post $post): array{    // ...}

In the example above, the getPost method can be called only if the logged user has the 'POST_SHOW' permission on the $post object. You can notice that the $post object comes from the parameters.

Accessing method parameters#

All parameters passed to the method can be accessed in the @Security expression.

#[Query]#[Security(expression: "startDate < endDate", statusCode: 400, message: "End date must be after start date")]public function getPosts(DateTimeImmutable $startDate, DateTimeImmutable $endDate): array{    // ...}

In the example above, we tweak a bit the Security annotation purpose to do simple input validation.

Setting HTTP code and error message#

You can use the statusCode and message attributes to set the HTTP code and GraphQL error message.

#[Query]#[Security(expression: "is_granted('POST_SHOW', post)", statusCode: 404, message: "Post not found (let's pretend the post does not exists!)")]public function getPost(Post $post): array{    // ...}

Note: since a single GraphQL call contain many errors, 2 errors might have conflicting HTTP status code. The resulting status code is up to the GraphQL middleware you use. Most of the time, the status code with the higher error code will be returned.

Setting a default value#

If you do not want an error to be thrown when the security condition is not met, you can use the failWith attribute to set a default value.

#[Query]#[Security(expression: "is_granted('CAN_SEE_MARGIN', this)", failWith: null)]public function getMargin(): float{    // ...}

The failWith attribute behaves just like the @FailWith annotation but for a given @Security annotation.

You cannot use the failWith attribute along statusCode or message attributes.

Accessing the user#

You can use the user variable to access the currently logged user. You can use the is_logged() function to check if a user is logged or not.

#[Query]#[Security("is_logged() && user.age > 18")]public function getNSFWImages(): array{    // ...}

Accessing the current object#

You can use the this variable to access any (public) property / method of the current class.

class Post {    #[Field]    #[Security("this.canAccessBody(user)")]    public function getBody(): array    {        // ...    }
    public function canAccessBody(User $user): bool    {        // Some custom logic here    }}

Available scope#

The @Security annotation can be used in any query, mutation or field, so anywhere you have a @Query, @Mutation or @Field annotation.

How to restrict access to a given resource#

The is_granted method can be used to restrict access to a specific resource.

#[Security("is_granted('POST_SHOW', post)")]

If you are wondering how to configure these fine-grained permissions, this is not something that GraphQLite handles itself. Instead, this depends on the framework you are using.

If you are using Symfony, you will create a custom voter.

If you are using Laravel, you will create a Gate or a Policy.

If you are using another framework, you need to know that the is_granted function simply forwards the call to the isAllowed method of the configured AuthorizationSerice. See Connecting GraphQLite to your framework's security module for more details