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Version: 4.3

Authentication and authorization

You might not want to expose your GraphQL API to anyone. Or you might want to keep some queries/mutations or fields reserved to some users.

GraphQLite offers some control over what a user can do with your API. You can restrict access to resources:

  • based on authentication using the @Logged annotation (restrict access to logged users)
  • based on authorization using the @Right annotation (restrict access to logged users with certain rights).
  • based on fine-grained authorization using the @Security annotation (restrict access for some given resources to some users).
GraphQLite does not have its own security mechanism. Unless you're using our Symfony Bundle or our Laravel package, it is up to you to connect this feature to your framework's security mechanism.
See Connecting GraphQLite to your framework's security module.

@Logged and @Right annotations#

GraphQLite exposes two annotations (@Logged and @Right) that you can use to restrict access to a resource.

namespace App\Controller;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Query;use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Logged;use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Right;
class UserController{    /**     * @return User[]     */    #[Query]    #[Logged]    #[Right("CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST")]    public function users(int $limit, int $offset): array    {        // ...    }}

In the example above, the query users will only be available if the user making the query is logged AND if he has the CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST right.

@Logged and @Right annotations can be used next to:

  • @Query annotations
  • @Mutation annotations
  • @Field annotations
By default, if a user tries to access an unauthorized query/mutation/field, an error is raised and the query fails.

Not throwing errors#

If you do not want an error to be thrown when a user attempts to query a field/query/mutation he has no access to, you can use the @FailWith annotation.

The @FailWith annotation contains the value that will be returned for users with insufficient rights.

class UserController{    /**     * If a user is not logged or if the user has not the right "CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST",     * the value returned will be "null".     *     * @return User[]     */    #[Query]    #[Logged]    #[Right("CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST")]    #[FailWith(value: null)]    public function users(int $limit, int $offset): array    {        // ...    }}

Injecting the current user as a parameter#

Use the @InjectUser annotation to get an instance of the current user logged in.

namespace App\Controller;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Query;use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\InjectUser;
class ProductController{    /**     * @Query     * @return Product     */    public function product(            int $id,            #[InjectUser]            User $user        ): Product    {        // ...    }}

The @InjectUser annotation can be used next to:

  • @Query annotations
  • @Mutation annotations
  • @Field annotations

The object injected as the current user depends on your framework. It is in fact the object returned by the "authentication service" configured in GraphQLite.

Hiding fields / queries / mutations#

By default, a user analysing the GraphQL schema can see all queries/mutations/types available. Some will be available to him and some won't.

If you want to add an extra level of security (or if you want your schema to be kept secret to unauthorized users), you can use the @HideIfUnauthorized annotation.

class UserController{    /**     * If a user is not logged or if the user has not the right "CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST",     * the schema will NOT contain the "users" query at all (so trying to call the     * "users" query will result in a GraphQL "query not found" error.     *     * @return User[]     */    #[Query]    #[Logged]    #[Right("CAN_VIEW_USER_LIST")]    #[HideIfUnauthorized]    public function users(int $limit, int $offset): array    {        // ...    }}

While this is the most secured mode, it can have drawbacks when working with development tools (you need to be logged as admin to fetch the complete schema).

The "HideIfUnauthorized" mode was the default mode in GraphQLite 3 and is optionnal from GraphQLite 4+.