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Version: 5.0

External type declaration

In some cases, you cannot or do not want to put an annotation on a domain class.

For instance:

  • The class you want to annotate is part of a third party library and you cannot modify it
  • You are doing domain-driven design and don't want to clutter your domain object with annotations from the view layer
  • etc.

@Type annotation with the class attribute

GraphQLite allows you to use a proxy class thanks to the @Type annotation with the class attribute:

namespace App\Types;

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Type;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Field;
use App\Entities\Product;

#[Type(class: Product::class)]
class ProductType
{
#[Field]
public function getId(Product $product): string
{
return $product->getId();
}
}

The ProductType class must be in the types namespace. You configured this namespace when you installed GraphQLite.

The ProductType class is actually a service. You can therefore inject dependencies in it.

Heads up! The ProductType class must exist in the container of your application and the container identifier MUST be the fully qualified class name.

If you are using the Symfony bundle (or a framework with autowiring like Laravel), this is usually not an issue as the container will automatically create the controller entry if you do not explicitly declare it.

In methods with a @Field annotation, the first parameter is the resolved object we are working on. Any additional parameters are used as arguments.

@SourceField annotation

If you don't want to rewrite all getters of your base class, you may use the @SourceField annotation:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Type;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\SourceField;
use App\Entities\Product;

#[Type(class: Product::class)]
#[SourceField(name: "name")]
#[SourceField(name: "price")]
class ProductType
{
}

By doing so, you let GraphQLite know that the type exposes the getName method of the underlying Product object.

Internally, GraphQLite will look for methods named name(), getName() and isName()). You can set different name to look for with sourceName attribute.

@MagicField annotation

If your object has no getters, but instead uses magic properties (using the magic __get method), you should use the @MagicField annotation:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Type;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\SourceField;
use App\Entities\Product;

#[Type]
#[MagicField(name: "name", outputType: "String!")]
#[MagicField(name: "price", outputType: "Float")]
class ProductType
{
public function __get(string $property) {
// return some magic property
}
}

By doing so, you let GraphQLite know that the type exposes "name" and the "price" magic properties of the underlying Product object. You can set different name to look for with sourceName attribute.

This is particularly useful in frameworks like Laravel, where Eloquent is making a very wide use of such properties.

Please note that GraphQLite has no way to know the type of a magic property. Therefore, you have specify the GraphQL type of each property manually.

Authentication and authorization

You may also check for logged users or users with a specific right using the "annotations" property.

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Type;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\SourceField;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Logged;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\Right;
use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\Annotations\FailWith;
use App\Entities\Product;

/**
* @Type(class=Product::class)
* @SourceField(name="name")
* @SourceField(name="price", annotations={@Logged, @Right(name="CAN_ACCESS_Price", @FailWith(null)}))
*/
class ProductType extends AbstractAnnotatedObjectType
{
}

Any annotations described in the Authentication and authorization page, or any annotation this is actually a "field middleware" can be used in the @SourceField "annotations" attribute.

Heads up! The "annotation" attribute in @SourceField and @MagicField is only available as a Doctrine annotations. You cannot use it in PHP 8 attributes (because PHP 8 attributes cannot be nested)

Declaring fields dynamically (without annotations)

In some very particular cases, you might not know exactly the list of @SourceField annotations at development time. If you need to decide the list of @SourceField at runtime, you can implement the FromSourceFieldsInterface:

use TheCodingMachine\GraphQLite\FromSourceFieldsInterface;

#[Type(class: Product::class)]
class ProductType implements FromSourceFieldsInterface
{
/**
* Dynamically returns the array of source fields
* to be fetched from the original object.
*
* @return SourceFieldInterface[]
*/
public function getSourceFields(): array
{
// You may want to enable fields conditionally based on feature flags...
if (ENABLE_STATUS_GLOBALLY) {
return [
new SourceField(['name'=>'status', 'logged'=>true]),
];
} else {
return [];
}
}
}